Jute is produced from plants in the genus Corchorus. It is primarily grown in the Ganges Delta, most of which is occupied by Bangladesh.
JUTE PLANT IN THE FIELDS
The suitable climate for growing jute is offered during the summer season. Temperatures from 20˚C to 40˚C & 5–8 cm of rainfall weekly (more during the sowing/harvesting period) are required for successful cultivation.
Jute is harvested at approx 120 days from the sowing. The plants, from 8 to 12 feet high, are cut close to the ground level.
The fiber is extracted from the stem. It is the skin of the jute plant. The retting process consists of bundling the stems together and immersing them in slow water. The non-fibrous matter is scraped off, & the farmers peel the fibers from the stem.
FARMERS BRINGING JUTE TO THE MARKET
Jute fiber is long, soft, with golden & silky shines & hence called the ‘golden fiber’. The fibers are off-white to brown, and 2–4 meters long.
USES OF JUTE
Jute has been scientifically established as the most versatile, sustainable, biodegradable & affordable environment friendly natural fiber. It is being used in raw materials for textiles, packaging, non-textiles, construction, automotive & agricultural sectors.